imra-10q_20210331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

Commission File Number: 001-39247

 

IMARA INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

81-1523849

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

116 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor

Boston, Massachusetts

02116

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (617) 206-2020

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

IMRA

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  ☒    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ☐    No  

As of May 6, 2021, the registrant had 17,640,492 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 



CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenue, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “target,” “would,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, among other things:

 

the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and our response to it;

 

the initiation, timing, progress and results of our current and future preclinical studies and clinical trials, including our ongoing open label extension clinical trial of IMR-687 in sickle cell disease, or SCD, and our ongoing Ardent and Forte Phase 2b clinical trials of IMR-687 in SCD and ß-thalassemia and our potential clinical development of IMR-687 in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction;

 

our estimates regarding expenses, future revenue, timing of any future revenue, capital requirements and need for additional financing;

 

our plans to develop and, if approved, subsequently commercialize IMR-687 and any other product candidates, including in combination with other drugs and therapies;

 

the timing of and our ability to submit applications for, obtain and maintain regulatory approvals for IMR-687 and any other product candidates we may identify and pursue;

 

our expectations regarding our ability to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements with our cash, cash equivalents and investments;

 

the potential advantages or differentiating features of IMR-687 and any other product candidates we may identify and pursue;

 

the rate and degree of market acceptance and clinical utility of IMR-687 and any other product candidates we may identify and pursue;

 

our estimates regarding the potential market opportunity for IMR-687 and any other product candidates we may identify and pursue;

 

our commercialization, marketing and manufacturing capabilities and strategy;

 

our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for IMR-687 and any other product candidates we may identify and pursue;

 

our ability to identify additional products, product candidates or technologies with significant commercial potential that are consistent with our commercial objectives;

 

the impact of government laws and regulations;

 

our competitive position and expectations regarding developments and projections relating to our competitors and any competing therapies that are or become available;

 

our ability to maintain and establish collaborations or obtain additional funding; and

 

our expectations regarding the time during which we will be an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act.

We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make.

We have included important factors in the cautionary statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, particularly in the "Risk Factors" section, that we believe could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make.


You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents that we have filed as exhibits to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

RISK FACTOR SUMMARY

Our business is subject to a number of risks that if realized could materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and access to liquidity. These risks are discussed more fully in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our principal risks include the following:

 

We have incurred significant losses since our inception, and we expect to incur losses over the next several years.

 

We are heavily dependent on the success of our sole product candidate, IMR-687. If we are unable to successfully complete clinical development, obtain regulatory approval for, and commercialize IMR-687, or experience delays in doing so, our business will be materially harmed.

 

We will need substantial additional funding. If we are unable to raise capital when needed, we could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our product development programs or commercialization efforts.

 

Our limited operating history may make it difficult for you to evaluate the success of our business to date and to assess our future viability.

 

Our business and operations have been and may continue to be adversely affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic as may the operations of our suppliers and manufacturers and other third-party service providers.

 

Clinical drug development involves a lengthy and expensive process, with an uncertain outcome. We may incur additional costs or experience delays in completing, or ultimately be unable to complete, the development and commercialization of any product candidates.

 

Because we are developing IMR-687 using surrogate endpoints, the FDA or other regulatory authorities may not consider the endpoints of our clinical trials to predict or provide clinically meaningful results.

 

 

We face substantial competition, which may result in others discovering, developing or commercializing products before or more successfully than we do.

 

If we fail to comply with our obligations under our existing license agreement with H. Lundbeck A/S, or under any future intellectual property licenses, or otherwise experience disruptions to our business relationships with our current or any future licensors, we could lose intellectual property rights that are important to our business.

 

If we are unable to obtain, maintain, enforce and protect patent protection for our technology and product candidates or if the scope of the patent protection obtained is not sufficiently broad, our competitors could develop and commercialize technology and products similar or identical to ours, and our ability to successfully develop and commercialize our technology and product candidates may be adversely affected.

 

Our executive officers, directors and principal stockholders, if they choose to act together, have the ability to control all matters submitted to stockholders for approval.

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Convertible Preferred Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

4

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

25

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

26

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

26

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

68

Item 6.

Exhibits

69

Signatures

70

 

 

 

i


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

IMARA INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

53,441

 

 

$

47,698

 

Short-term investments

 

 

22,151

 

 

 

40,524

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,769

 

 

 

2,183

 

Total current assets

 

 

80,361

 

 

 

90,405

 

Property and equipment, net

 

324

 

 

 

349

 

Right of use assets - operating leases

 

694

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

308

 

 

 

88

 

Total assets

 

$

81,687

 

 

$

90,842

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

3,001

 

 

$

1,971

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

2,245

 

 

 

4,276

 

Operating lease liability, current

 

 

257

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

5,503

 

 

 

6,247

 

Deferred rent

 

 

 

 

 

160

 

Operating lease liability, non-current

 

 

590

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

6,093

 

 

 

6,407

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares

   issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2021; no shares authorized, issued or

   outstanding as of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share; 200,000,000 shares

   authorized as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 17,616,542

   and 17,548,263 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31,

   2020, respectively

 

 

18

 

 

 

18

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

181,945

 

 

 

180,526

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

1

 

 

 

4

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(106,370

)

 

 

(96,113

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

75,594

 

 

 

84,435

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

81,687

 

 

$

90,842

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


IMARA INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

7,115

 

 

$

5,793

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,165

 

 

 

1,559

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

10,280

 

 

 

7,352

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(10,280

)

 

 

(7,352

)

Total other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

83

 

 

 

132

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

(60

)

 

 

5

 

Total other income, net

 

 

23

 

 

 

137

 

Net loss

 

$

(10,257

)

 

$

(7,215

)

Accretion of Series B convertible preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

(7,858

)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

 

$

(10,257

)

 

$

(15,073

)

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—basic and diluted

 

 

17,577,454

 

 

 

3,493,359

 

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.58

)

 

$

(4.31

)

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(10,257

)

 

$

(7,215

)

Other comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized loss on investments

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(48

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(10,260

)

 

$

(7,263

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2


 

 

IMARA INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

 

 

 

COMMON

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SERIES SEED

$0.001 PAR

VALUE

 

 

SERIES A

$0.001 PAR

VALUE

 

 

SERIES B $0.001

PAR VALUE

 

 

 

STOCK

$0.001 PAR

VALUE

 

 

ADDITIONAL

PAID-IN

 

 

ACCUMULATED

OTHER

COMPREHENSIVE

 

 

ACCUMULATED

 

 

TOTAL

STOCKHOLDERS’

EQUITY

 

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

CAPITAL

 

 

INCOME (LOSS)

 

 

DEFICIT

 

 

(DEFICIT)

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

2,712,960

 

 

$

1,460

 

 

 

31,499,040

 

 

$

30,729

 

 

 

26,321,313

 

 

$

45,575

 

 

 

 

702,510

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

5,872

 

 

$

32

 

 

$

(54,753

)

 

$

(48,848

)

Issuance of Series B convertible

   preferred stock, net of issuance

   costs of $20 and beneficial

   conversion charge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,845,348

 

 

 

9,271

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,858

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,858

 

Accretion of Series B

   converted preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,858

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,858

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,858

)

Conversion of convertible

   preferred stock into

   common stock

 

 

(2,712,960

)

 

 

(1,460

)

 

 

(31,499,040

)

 

 

(30,729

)

 

 

(36,166,661

)

 

 

(62,704

)

 

 

 

11,172,955

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

94,882

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

94,893

 

Initial public offering, net of

   underwriting discounts,

   commissions and offering

   costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,700,000

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

66,047

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

66,052

 

Stock-based compensation

   expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

360

 

Unrealized loss on

   investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(48

)

 

 

 

 

 

(48

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,215

)

 

 

(7,215

)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

16,575,465

 

 

$

17

 

 

$

167,161

 

 

$

(16

)

 

$

(61,968

)

 

$

105,194

 

 

 

 

 

COMMON

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCK

$0.001 PAR

VALUE

 

 

ADDITIONAL

PAID-IN

 

 

ACCUMULATED

OTHER

COMPREHENSIVE

 

 

ACCUMULATED

 

 

TOTAL

STOCKHOLDERS’

 

 

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

CAPITAL

 

 

INCOME (LOSS)

 

 

DEFICIT

 

 

EQUITY

 

Balance at December 31, 2020

 

 

 

17,548,263

 

 

$

18

 

 

$

180,526

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

(96,113

)

 

$

84,435

 

Stock-based compensation

   expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

947

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

 

68,279

 

 

 

 

 

 

472

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

472

 

Unrealized loss on

   investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,257

)

 

 

(10,257

)

Balance at March 31, 2021

 

 

 

17,616,542

 

 

$

18

 

 

$

181,945

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

(106,370

)

 

$

75,594

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


 

 

IMARA INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(10,257

)

 

$

(7,215

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

947

 

 

 

360

 

Depreciation expense

 

 

25

 

 

 

24

 

Amortization and accretion on investments

 

 

55

 

 

 

5

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(2,586

)

 

 

(2,232

)

Accounts payable

 

 

1,030

 

 

 

179

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

(2,226

)

 

 

(643

)

Deferred rent

 

 

 

 

 

(5

)

Operating lease assets and liabilities, net

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(13,020

)

 

 

(9,527

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities and sales of short-term investments

 

 

22,037

 

 

 

4,772

 

Purchases of short-term investments

 

 

(3,722

)

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(12

)

 

 

(15

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

18,303

 

 

 

4,757

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of Series B convertible preferred stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

17,150

 

Proceeds from initial public offering, net of underwriting discounts, commissions and offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

69,406

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

472

 

 

 

 

Payment of issuance costs

 

 

(12

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

460

 

 

 

86,556

 

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

5,743

 

 

$

81,786

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

$

47,786

 

 

$

5,024

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

53,529

 

 

$

86,810

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of convertible preferred stock into common stock

 

$

 

 

$

94,893

 

Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock to redemption value

 

$

 

 

$

7,858

 

Reclassification of deferred offering costs from other assets to additional paid-in capital

 

$

 

 

$

2,144

 

Deferred offering costs included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

208

 

 

$

1,231

 

Property and equipment purchases included in accrued expenses

 

$

12

 

 

$

15

 

Unrealized loss on investments

 

$

(3

)

 

$

(48

)

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of the cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash balances as of each of the periods shown above:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

53,441

 

 

$

86,722

 

Restricted cash (included in other assets)

 

 

88

 

 

 

88

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

53,529

 

 

$

86,810

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


 

IMARA INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Nature of the Business

IMARA Inc. (“IMARA” or the “Company”) is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company dedicated to developing and commercializing novel therapeutics to treat rare inherited genetic disorders of hemoglobin, known as hemoglobinopathies, which have significant unmet medical need. The Company was incorporated in January 2016 under the laws of the State of Delaware, and its principal offices are in Boston, Massachusetts.

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties common to early-stage companies in the biotechnology industry, including but not limited to, risks associated with completing preclinical studies and clinical trials, receiving regulatory approvals for product candidates, development by competitors of new biopharmaceutical products, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, compliance with government regulations and the ability to secure additional capital to fund operations. The Company’s sole product candidate currently under development, IMR-687, as well as any other product candidates the Company may develop, will require significant additional research and development efforts, including preclinical and clinical testing and regulatory approval, prior to commercialization. These efforts require significant amounts of additional capital, adequate personnel and infrastructure and extensive compliance-reporting capabilities. Even if the Company’s product development efforts are successful, it is uncertain when, if ever, the Company will realize revenue from product sales.

In February 2020, the Company effected a 1-for-6.299 reverse stock split of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock and a proportional adjustment to the existing conversion ratios for each of the Company’s outstanding series of preferred stock. All share and per share amounts in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the reverse stock split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the change in par value of common stock to additional paid-in capital.

On February 25, 2020, the Company issued and sold 1,562,994‬ shares of Series B convertible preferred stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”), at a price of $10.9722 per share, upon a waiver of specified milestone conditions from the holders of a majority of the shares then held by holders of Series B Preferred Stock, and raised approximately $17.1 million in net proceeds after deducting less than $0.1 million of issuance costs.

On March 16, 2020, the Company completed an initial public offering (“IPO”) of its common stock and issued and sold 4,700,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $16.00 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of $75.2 million. On April 13, 2020, the Company issued and sold an additional 705,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option for aggregate gross proceeds of $11.3 million. Inclusive of the over-allotment exercise, the Company received approximately $76.5 million in net proceeds from the IPO after deducting $10.0 million of underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses.

Upon the closing of the IPO, all 70,378,661 shares of outstanding preferred stock automatically converted into 11,172,955 shares of common stock. Upon conversion of the convertible preferred stock, the Company reclassified the carrying value of the convertible preferred stock to common stock and additional paid-in capital.

On April 1, 2021, the Company filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (the “Shelf”) with the SEC in relation to the registration and potential future issuance of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants and/or units of any combination thereof in the aggregate amount of up to $200.0 million. The Shelf was declared effective on April 8, 2021.  The Company also simultaneously entered into a sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald & Co, LLC, as sales agent, providing for the offering, issuance and sale by the Company of up to an aggregate $75.0 million of its common stock from time to time in “at-the-market” offerings under the Shelf.

Liquidity

The Company has incurred recurring negative cash flows since inception and has funded its operations primarily from the sale of convertible preferred stock and proceeds from the IPO. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had cash, cash equivalents, and investments of $75.6 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $106.4 million. The Company expects its operating losses and negative operating cash flows to continue into the foreseeable future as it continues to expand its research and development efforts.

5


 

The Company believes its cash, cash equivalents and investments as of March 31, 2021 will be sufficient to fund its operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements for at least twelve months from the date of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Company will need additional funding to support its planned operating activities. There can be no assurances, however, that the current operating plan will be achieved or that additional funding will be available on terms acceptable to the Company, or at all. If the Company is unable to obtain sufficient funding, it could be required to delay its development efforts, limit activities and reduce research and development costs, which could adversely affect its business prospects.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and as amended by Accounting Standards Updates of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted from this report, as is permitted by such rules and regulations. Accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 and notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”), filed with the SEC on March 5, 2021. The unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited financial statements, with the exception of the modified retrospective adoption of ASC 842 Leases. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements contain all adjustments which are necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2021, the results of its operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the year ending December 31, 2021, or for any future period.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of its wholly owned subsidiaries, IMARA Security Corporation and IMARA E.U. Limited. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies and estimates used in the preparation of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are described in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report. There have been no material changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2021, with the exception of the modified retrospective adoption of ASC 842 Leases.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in these condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, accrued research and development expenses, stock-based compensation expense, the fair value of the common stock and the intrinsic value of the beneficial conversation feature present in the second tranche of the Series B Preferred Stock issued in February of 2020. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”). This standard established a right-of-use model that requires all lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on their balance sheet that arise from leases as well as provide disclosures with respect to certain qualitative and quantitative information related to a company’s leasing arrangements to meet the objective of allowing users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The FASB subsequently issued the following amendments to ASU 2016-02 that have the same effective date and transition date: ASU No. 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842): Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842, ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, ASU No. 2018-20, Narrow-Scope Improvement for Lessors, and ASU No. 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements. The Company early adopted these amendments with ASU 2016-02 (collectively, the “new leasing standards”), effective January 1, 2021.

6


 

The Company adopted the new leasing standards using the modified retrospective transition approach, with no restatement of prior periods and there was no cumulative adjustment to retained earnings. Upon adoption, the Company elected the package of transition practical expedients, which allowed the Company to not reassess the following: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (ii) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases and (iii) the treatment of initial direct costs for existing leases. The Company made an accounting policy election to not recognize short-term leases with an initial term of twelve months or less within its consolidated balance sheets and to recognize those lease payments on a straight-line basis in its consolidated statements of operations over the lease term. Upon adopting the new leasing standards, the Company recognized an operating lease right-of-use asset of $0.7 million and a corresponding current and non-current operating lease liability of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, which are included in its consolidated balance sheets. The adoption of the new leasing standards did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at contract inception. Operating lease right-of-use assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and operating lease liabilities represent its obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of the lease based upon the present value of lease payments over the lease term. When determining the lease term, the Company includes options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised.

The Company uses the implicit rate when readily determinable and uses its incremental borrowing rate when the implicit rate is not readily determinable, based upon the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of the lease payments. The incremental borrowing rate is determined using a secured borrowing rate for the same currency and term as the associated lease.

The lease payments used to determine operating lease right-of-use assets may include lease incentives and stated rent increases. The Company’s lease agreements may include both lease and non-lease components, which the Company accounts for as a single lease component when the payments are fixed, for all classes of underlying assets. Variable payments included in the lease agreement are expensed as incurred.

The Company’s operating leases are reflected in operating lease right-of-use assets and in current operating lease liabilities and long-term operating lease liabilities in its consolidated balance sheets. The Company’s operating lease right-of-use asset as of March 31, 2021 did not include any material lease incentives. Lease expense for future lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Prior to the adoption of the new leasing standards, the Company recognized lease costs on a straight-line basis once it gained control of the space, without regard to deferred payment terms, such as rent holidays, that would defer the commencement date of required payments or escalating payment amounts. Any lease incentives received were treated as a reduction of costs over the term of the lease agreement, as they were considered an inseparable part of the lease agreement. The difference between required lease payments and rent expense was recorded as deferred rent, which was reflected as deferred rent in the December 31, 2020 consolidated balance sheet.   

Segments

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate and discrete information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company has one operating segment. The Company’s chief operating decision maker, its Chief Executive Officer, manages the Company’s operations on a consolidated basis for the purpose of allocating resources. All of the Company’s long-lived assets are held in the United States.

Deferred Offering Costs

The Company capitalizes certain legal, professional, accounting and other third-party fees that are directly associated with in-process equity issuances as deferred offering costs until such equity issuances are consummated. After consummation of the equity issuance, these costs are recorded as a reduction in the capitalized amount associated with the equity issuance. Should the equity issuance be abandoned, the deferred offering costs will be expensed immediately as a charge to operating expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss. Deferred offering costs classified in other assets on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 were $0.2 million. There were no deferred offering costs as of December 31, 2020.  

7


 

Comprehensive Loss

Comprehensive loss includes net loss and certain changes in stockholders’ equity that are excluded from net loss. The Company’s comprehensive loss includes unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e., lessees and lessors). The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. ASU 2016-02 supersedes the previous leases standard, ASC 840, Leases. For additional information on the adoption of the new leasing standards, please read the Company’s policy above entitled Leases, and Note 7, Commitments and Contingencies, to these consolidated financial statements.

In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception (“ASU 2017-11”). Part I applies to entities that issue financial instruments such as warrants, convertible debt or convertible preferred stock that contain down-round features. Part II replaces the indefinite deferral for certain mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests and mandatorily redeemable financial instruments of nonpublic entities contained within ASC Topic 480 with a scope exception and does not impact the accounting for these mandatorily redeemable instruments. For public entities, the amendments in Part I of this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. For all other entities, the amendments in Part I of this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for all entities, including adoption in an interim period. The Company adopted this new standard on January 1, 2021, which did not result in any material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued “ASU 2020-03”, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments, (“ASU 2020-03”) which addressed, among other topics, Amendments related to ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13”). The amendments align the contractual term under Topic 326 and Topic 842 (Leases) to be consistent, and also clarifies when an entity should record an allowance for credit losses in accordance with Topic 326. For public business entities that meet the definition of a SEC filer, excluding entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC, the standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, but does not expect the adoption of ASU 2020-03 or ASU 2016-13 to be material.

3. Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

The following table presents information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and indicates the level of the fair value hierarchy utilized to determine such fair values (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

 

 

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

 

 

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

 

Description

 

Total

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds, included in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

44,599

 

 

$

44,599

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

6,263

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,263

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

 

15,888

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,888

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets

 

$

66,750

 

 

$

44,599

 

 

$

22,151

 

 

$

 

8


 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

 

 

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

 

 

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

 

Description

 

Total

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds, included in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

41,208

 

 

$

41,208

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

14,807

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,807

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

 

25,717

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,717

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets

 

$

81,732

 

 

$

41,208

 

 

$

40,524

 

 

$

 

 

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s cash equivalents consisted of money market funds, classified as Level 1 financial assets, as these assets are valued using quoted market prices in active markets without any valuation adjustment. The financial assets valued based on Level 2 inputs consist of corporate debt securities and commercial paper, which consist of investments in highly-rated investment-grade securities. The Company estimates the fair values of these marketable securities by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing sources. These pricing sources utilize industry standard valuation models, including both income and market-based approaches, for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly, to estimate fair value. These inputs include market pricing based on real-time trade data for the same or similar securities, issuer credit spreads, benchmark yields, and other observable inputs. The Company validates the prices provided by its third-party pricing sources by understanding the models used, obtaining market values from other pricing sources and analyzing pricing data in certain instances.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, there were no transfers between fair value measurement levels.

The carrying values of other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair values due to the short-term nature of these assets and liabilities.

4. Investments

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had short-term investments consisting of corporate debt securities and commercial paper, which are considered to be available-for-sale investments. These are included in short-term investments on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, even though the stated maturity date may be one year or more beyond the current balance sheet date, as the Company views those securities as available for use in current operations, if needed. The following table summarizes the Company’s investments (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2021

 

 

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Loss

 

 

Fair Value

 

Current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

15,888

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

15,888

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

6,262

 

 

 

2

 

 

$

(1

)

 

 

6,263

 

Total

 

$

22,150

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

(1

)

 

$

22,151

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Loss

 

 

Fair Value

 

Current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

25,716

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

 

 

$

25,717

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

14,804

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,807

 

Total

 

$

40,520

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

 

 

$

40,524

 

 

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had one available-for-sale security of approximately $1.2 million in an unrealized loss position for less than twelve months. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had no available-for-sale securities in unrealized loss positions. The Company has the intent and ability to hold such securities until recovery. The Company determined that there was no material change in the credit risk of these investments. As a result, the Company determined it did not hold any investments with an other-than-temporary impairment as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

9


 

5. Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

Accrued research and development expenses

 

$

1,105

 

 

$

2,732

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

 

668

 

 

 

1,090

 

Accrued professional services

 

 

449

 

 

 

355

 

Accrued other

 

 

23

 

 

 

99

 

Total accrued expenses

 

$

2,245

 

 

$

4,276

 

 

6. License Agreements

Agreement with Lundbeck

In April 2016, the Company entered into a license agreement with Lundbeck A/S (“Lundbeck” and the “Lundbeck Agreement”) pursuant to which Lundbeck granted the Company the following licenses within the field of prevention, treatment or diagnosis of hemoglobinopathy disorders and/or other diseases or disorders, including those directly or indirectly related to hemoglobinopathies: (1) an exclusive, royalty-bearing license to certain patent rights and certain know-how owned or otherwise controlled by Lundbeck (“Licensed Technology”) to research, develop, make, use, sell, and commercialize products (“Licensed Products”) from PDE9 inhibitors, which included IMR-687 (“Licensed Compounds”); (2) a non-exclusive license to the Licensed Technology to make, research, develop, and use such Licensed Technology to enable research and development, with certain restrictions; and (3) a sublicensing right that allows the Company to grant sublicenses to third parties to use the Licensed Technology subject to the certain terms detailed in the Lundbeck Agreement. Under the Lundbeck Agreement, the Company is subject to certain achievement dates for development milestones as defined in the agreement. The regulatory milestones due under the Lundbeck Agreement depend on the products being developed. Development milestones due under the Lundbeck Agreement with respect to the Licensed Compounds total up to $23.5 million, and, for any products that contain PDE9 inhibitors other than Licensed Compounds, total up to $11.8 million. The Company also agreed to pay tiered royalties based on net sales of all products licensed under the agreement in the low single-digit percentages.

To date, pursuant to the license agreement, the Company has made cash payments to Lundbeck of $1.8 million consisting of an upfront payment and ongoing milestone payments, which are recorded as research and development expense. No payments were made during the year ended December 31, 2020, or for the three months ended March 31, 2021. As partial consideration for the license, the Company issued 167,523 shares of common stock to Lundbeck, which represented 8.0% of the Company’s then outstanding equity pursuant to a restricted stock agreement. The shares were fully vested on the date of issuance. The Company also allowed Lundbeck to participate in the fourth tranche of its Series A preferred stock financing in November 2018 at $1.00 per share.

The Lundbeck Agreement can be terminated by the Company at any time with 180 days’ written notice. The Company or Lundbeck may terminate the agreement by written notice within a specified period of time in the event of a material breach.

7. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Agreements

In May 2019, the Company entered into a new operating lease agreement for office space totaling 4,210 square feet, located in Boston, Massachusetts with a 62-month term. The lease includes a rent escalation clause which results in cash rental payments of approximately $0.3 million annually. Rent expense is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition to the base rent, the Company is also responsible for its share of operating expenses, electricity and real estate taxes, in accordance with the terms of the Lease Agreement. The Company provided a security deposit of approximately $0.1 million in May 2019, which is included as a component of other assets on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020. The Company occupied the space in August 2019 and commenced recognition of rent expense. The Company recorded rent expense of approximately $0.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

10


 

The following table summarizes the future lease payments due under the Company’s operating lease agreement (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

2021

 

$

205

 

2022

 

 

278

 

2023

 

 

284

 

2024

 

 

229

 

Total Lease Payments

 

$

996

 

Less Imputed Interest

 

 

(150

)

 

 

$

846

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating cash flows used for operating leases

 

$

68

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)

 

 

3.58

 

Weighted-average discount rate

 

 

8

%

 

Under the prior lease accounting guidance, minimum rental commitments under non-cancelable leases as of December 31, 2020 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Minimum Lease Payments

 

2021

 

273

 

2022

 

278

 

2023

 

284

 

2024

 

229

 

 

 

$

1,064

 

 

Legal Proceedings

The Company may from time to time be party to litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company was not subject to any material legal proceedings during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020, and no material legal proceedings are currently pending or, to the best of its knowledge, threatened.

Indemnification Agreements

The Company enters into standard indemnification agreements in the ordinary course of business. Pursuant to the indemnification agreements, the Company agrees to indemnify, hold harmless, and to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party, generally the Company’s business partners, in connection with any U.S. patent or any copyright or other intellectual property infringement claim by any third-party with respect to the Company’s products. The term of these indemnification agreements is generally perpetual any time after execution of the agreement. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited. The Company has never incurred costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification agreements.

8. Convertible Preferred Stock

Prior to the sale of common stock in connection with its IPO, the Company had funded its operations primarily with proceeds from the sale of Preferred Stock.

On February 25, 2020, the Company raised $17.1 million in net proceeds from the sale of 1,562,994‬ shares of Series B Preferred Stock, at a price of $10.9722 per share, upon a waiver of specified milestone conditions from the holders of a majority of the shares then held by the holders of Series B Preferred Stock. Upon issuance, each share of Series B Preferred Stock included an embedded beneficial conversion feature as the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance of the Series B Preferred Stock was higher than the effective conversion price of the Series B Preferred Stock of $10.9722 per share. Given the proximity of the issuance to the Company’s public offering, the Company utilized the $16.00 public offering price of its common stock to determine the intrinsic value of the beneficial conversion feature. As a result, the Company recorded the intrinsic value of the beneficial conversion feature of $7.9 million as a discount on the Series B Preferred Stock at issuance. Because the Series B Preferred Stock was immediately convertible upon issuance and did not include mandatory redemption provisions, the discount on the Series B Preferred Stock was immediately accreted.

11


 

Upon the completion of the IPO on March 16, 2020, all 70,378,661 shares of outstanding preferred stock automatically converted into 11,172,955 shares of common stock. Prior to the conversion, the holders of the preferred stock were entitled to receive noncumulative dividends of 8% per annum of the Series B issuance price only when and if declared by the Company’s board of directors. No dividends have been declared by the Company’s board of directors since inception.

9. Stockholders’ Equity

On August 13, 2019, the Company’s board of directors, and on February 26, 2020, the Company’s stockholders, approved the Company’s restated certificate of incorporation, which became effective upon closing of the IPO on March 16, 2020, to authorize 10,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock, $0.001 per share par value, and to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 to 200,000,000 shares, $0.001 per share par value.

Common stockholders are entitled to receive dividends, as may be declared by the Board, if any, subject to the preferential dividend rights of any preferred stock then outstanding. Through March 31, 2021, no cash dividends have been declared or paid.

As of March 31, 2021, 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock were authorized and no shares of preferred stock were issued or outstanding.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has reserved for future issuance the following shares of common stock:

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

Shares reserved for future issuance under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan

 

 

1,487,494

 

 

 

1,110,675

 

Shares reserved for future issuance under the 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

191,363

 

 

 

191,363

 

 

 

 

1,678,857

 

 

 

1,302,038

 

 

10. Stock-Based Compensation

2016 Stock Incentive Plan

The Company’s 2016 Stock Incentive Plan, (the “2016 Plan”) provides for the Company to issue restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, incentive stock options, non-statutory stock options and other stock-based awards to employees, officers, members of the Board, consultants and advisors of the Company.

   As of the effective date of the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) on March 11, 2020, and as of March 31, 2021, no shares remained available for future issuance under the 2016 Plan. Any options or awards outstanding under the 2016 Plan remain outstanding and effective.

2020 Equity Incentive Plan

On October 1, 2019, the Company’s board of directors adopted, and on February 26, 2020 the Company’s stockholders approved, the 2020 Plan, which became effective on March 11, 2020. The 2020 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan is the sum of: (1) 1,220,283 shares of the Company’s common stock; plus (2) the number of shares (up to a maximum of 2,091,969 shares) equal to the sum of (x) the number of shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under the 2016 Plan that remained available for grant under the 2016 Plan as of March 11, 2020 and (y) the number of shares of the Company’s common stock subject to outstanding awards granted under the 2016 Plan that expire, terminate or are otherwise surrendered, cancelled, forfeited or repurchased by the Company at their original issuance price pursuant to a contractual repurchase right. The number of shares reserved shall be annually increased on the first day of each fiscal year, beginning with the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 and continuing until, and including, the fiscal year ending December 31, 2030, equal to the lesser of (i) 4% of the number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on the first day of such fiscal year and (ii) an amount determined by the Company’s board of directors. On January 1, 2021, 701,930 additional shares were reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan pursuant to this provision. No more than 8,541,982 shares of common stock may be issued as incentive stock options under the 2020 Plan. The shares of common stock underlying any awards that expire, terminate, or are otherwise surrendered, cancelled, forfeited or repurchased by the Company under the 2016 Plan or the 2020 Plan will be added back to the shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2020 Plan.

As of March 31, 2021, there were 1,487,494 shares available for future issuance under the 2020 Plan.

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